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Proposal and Ratification

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RickBulow1974
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« on: December 21, 2012, 08:58:11 am »

The Congress proposed the Twenty-first Amendment on February 20, 1933.

The proposed amendment was adopted on December 5, 1933. It is the only amendment to have been ratified by state ratifying conventions, specially selected for the purpose. All other amendments have been ratified by state legislatures. It is also the only amendment that was approved for the explicit purpose of repealing a previously-existing amendment to the Constitution. The Twenty-first Amendment ending national prohibition became officially effective on December 15, though people started drinking openly before that date. Before signing the legislation to abolish prohibition, President Franklin D. Roosevelt famously quipped, "I think this would be a good time for a beer."

The following states ratified the amendment:

1. Michigan (April 10, 1933)
2. Wisconsin (April 25, 1933)
3. Rhode Island (May 8, 1933)
4. Wyoming (May 25, 1933)
5. New Jersey (June 1, 1933)
6. Delaware (June 24, 1933)
7. Indiana (June 26, 1933)
8. Massachusetts (June 26, 1933)
9. New York (June 27, 1933)
10. Illinois (July 10, 1933)
11. Iowa (July 10, 1933)
12. Connecticut (July 11, 1933)
13. New Hampshire (July 11, 1933)
14. California (July 24, 1933)
15. West Virginia (July 25, 1933)
16. Arkansas (August 1, 1933)
17. Oregon (August 7, 1933)
18. Alabama (August 8, 1933)
19. Tennessee (August 11, 1933)
20. Missouri (August 29, 1933)
21. Arizona (September 5, 1933)
22. Nevada (September 5, 1933)
23. Vermont (September 23, 1933)
24. Colorado (September 26, 1933)
25. Washington (October 3, 1933)
26. Minnesota (October 10, 1933)
27. Idaho (October 17, 1933)
28. Maryland (October 18, 1933)
29. Virginia (October 25, 1933)
30. New Mexico (November 2, 1933)
31. Florida (November 14, 1933)
32. Texas (November 24, 1933)
33. Kentucky (November 27, 1933)
34. Ohio (December 5, 1933)
35. Pennsylvania (December 5, 1933)
36. Utah (December 5, 1933)

Ratification was completed on December 5, 1933.

The amendment was subsequently ratified by conventions in the following states:

1. Maine (December 6, 1933)
2. Montana (August 6, 1934)

The amendment was rejected by the following state:

1. South Carolina (December 4, 1933)

Voters in the following state rejected holding a convention to consider the amendment:

1. North Carolina (November 7, 1933)

The following states took no action to consider the amendment:

1. Georgia
2. Kansas
3. Louisiana
4. Mississippi
5. Nebraska
6. North Dakota
7. Oklahoma
8. South Dakota

(Neither Alaska nor Hawaii had yet achieved statehood at the time.)
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